The Australian military memorial – the main Australian memorial devoted to memory of the soldiers who died during wars. Is in Canberra.
For the first time the idea about creation of a monument to the Australian soldiers came to Charles Bing’s mind, the Australian historian of World War I when he studied places of military battles in France in 1916. In May, 1917 the first collection of the objects relating to military history of Australia which at first was exposed in Melbourne was collected. Construction of the constant building for the Memorial was complete in 1941, how World War II burst. Official opening took place on November 11 – in Day of remembrance of the dead. Today the Memorial is considered one of the most significant monuments such in the world. It is near the building of Parliament from which balcony the circular panorama on a monument opens.
The memorial consists of three parts: The mausoleum with the Hall of Memory in which the grave of the unknown Australian soldier, the museum and research center is located. The hall of Memory is built in the form of an octagon on which four walls – northwest, northeast, southwest and southeast – the mosaic laid out images of the Soldier, the Pilot, the Seaman and the Female servicewoman. It is interesting that the mosaic and stained-glass windows were created by the one-armed Australian artist Napye Waller who lost a hand during World War I. Before the Hall of Memory – a narrow internal court yard and a small pond, in which center – an eternal flame. Over a court yard the long covered gallery with Slava’s Board – bronze plates on which names of 102 thousand died Australian military personnel are cut is located. Every day when the Memorial is closed in the evening, the small ceremony during which the audience can hear short history of its creation is held and listen to a military signal of checking before an evening dawn.
Many consider a part of a memorial complex and Vooruzhennykh Sil Square of Australia and New Zealand (ANZAC Parade), however it not so. The area is located at the northern coast of the lake Berli-Griffin and conducts to the Memorial basis. Along each side of the square a number of the sculptures devoted to various military campaigns, for example the Vietnamese war, or memory of sisters of mercy is established. Near the lake there are monumental sculptures in the form of two huge handles from a basket presented by New Zealand. As the idea for creation of sculptures the saying of the New Zealand natives of Maori which speaks about traditional cooperation and proximity of two Commonwealth countries served.